¿Cuándo se utiliza «do» y cuándo «make»?


¿Cuándo utilizamos «do» y cuándo «make»?

¿Cuándo utilizamos «do»?

1. «DO» se usa cuando se habla de acciones, actividades y trabajos. No se produce ningún objeto físico.

I have guests visiting later so I should start doing the housework now.

I wouldn’t like to do that job.

Have you done your homework?

2. «DO” se usa cuando nos referimos a actividades en general sin ser específico. En estos casos, normalmente usamos palabras como thing, something, nothing, anything, everything etc.

Is there anything I can do?

Hurry up! I’ve got things to do!

Don’t just stand there – do something!

3. Usa «DO» para reemplazar un verbo cuando el significado es claro u obvio.

Do I need to do my hair? (do = brush or comb)

Have you done the dishes yet? (done = washed)

I’ll do the kitchen if you do the lawns (do = clean, do = mow)

Recuerde: Do también puede ser un verbo auxiliar (para hacer preguntas en tiempo presente- Do you like chocolate?)

¿Cuándo utilizamos «make»?

«Make» es para producir, construir, crear o construir algo nuevo.

1. Se usa para indicar el origen de un producto o los materiales que se usan para hacer algo:

His wedding ring is made of gold.

The house was made of adobe.

Wine is made from grapes.

The watches were made in Switzerland

2.También utilizamos Make para producir una acción o reacción:

Onions make your eyes water.

You make me happy.

It’s not my fault. My brother made me do it!

3.«make» antes de ciertos sustantivos sobre planes y decisiones:

He has made arrangements to finish work early.

They’re making plans for the weekend.

You need to make a decision right now.

4.Usamos Make con sustantivos sobre hablar y ciertos sonidos:

She made a nice comment about my dress.

The baby is asleep so don’t make any noise.

Can I use your phone to make a call?

Don’t make a promise that you cannot keep.

5.Utilizamos Make con comida, bebida y comidas:

I made a cake for her birthday.

She made a cup of tea.

I must go now. I have to make dinner.

 

Expresiones con DO

a burp

a course

a crossword

a dance

a drawing

a fart

a favor / favour

a job

a painting

a project

a service

an assignment

anything

badly

business

chores

damage

everything

exercises

good

harm

nothing

research

right (the right thing)

something

the dishes

the gardening

the housework

the ironing

the laundry

the rest

the shopping

the washing

well

work

wrong (the wrong thing)

your best

your hair

your homework

your job

your nails

your work

Expresiones con MAKE

 

a bet

a cake

a call

a change

a choice

a comment

a complaint

a confession

a connection

a cup of coffee / tea

a date

a decision

a demand

a difference

a discovery

a face

a fool of yourself

a fortune

a friend

a fuss

a joke

a line

a list

a living

a loss

a mess

a mistake

a noise

a pass at someone

a phone call

a plan

a point

a prediction

a profit

a promise

a reservation

a sandwich

a scene

a sound

a speech

a statement

a suggestion

advances

alterations

an appointment

an announcement

an attempt

an effort

an error

an escape

an exception

an excuse

an impression

an observation

an offer

amends

arrangements

breakfast

certain

clear

dinner

faces

famous

fun of someone

love

lunch

inquiries

peace

possible

progress

money

room

sales

sense

someone rich

someone smile

sure

trouble

war

your bed

your mind up

your way




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